Hyperpigmentation can be described as the darkening of an area of skin or nails caused by increased melanin. Hyperpigmentation may be caused by sun damage, inflammation, or other skin injuries, including those related to acne vulgaris. People with darker Asian, Mediterranean or African skin tones are also more prone to hyperpigmentation, especially if they have excess sun exposure.
There are essentially two things that can contribute to pigmentation problems: Aging and sun exposure. As we age, our body stops producing the natural agents that keep our skin looking clear, tight and youthful. Your body also goes through a tremendous amount of hormonal changes that can lead to pigmentation changes and issues.
Also, when you don’t use sunscreen, you open yourself up to just about every pigmentation issue you can have. To keep skin healthy (now and when you age) you need to make an effort to cover up with protective clothing or sunscreen.
Types of Pigmentation Problems
You run into problems when your body produces either too much melanin (also called hyper pigmentation) or too little (also called hypo pigmentation). Either situation can cause unsightly side effects on your skin.
This term can describe a wide variety of skin conditions such as discolouring of any sort. Spots or blemishes can show up in colours like white, red, brown, pink. They can also manifest anywhere on your body, including the face. This might also include moles, birthmarks and melasma (Also called the pregnancy mask).
The three major ways that Hypo pigmentation shows up on your skin includes vitiligo, albinism, and the loss of pigmentation due to skin injury or damage. Certain types of illnesses can also cause pigmentation changes.
Prevention and Detection
If you do see a change in your skin, be sure to see a doctor, dermatologist or trained professional.
The good news is many of these pigmentation problems are treatable. Different problems require different solutions, so there is no cure-all treatment.
Hyperpigmentation Treatment Options:
Lasers can help treat any hyper-pigmentation problems. The lasers intense light is absorbed by blood vessels and pigmented areas. These dark structures instantaneously heat up and are damaged by this intense light. The body then repairs this minor damage, and in doing so the blood vessels and pigment spots are absorbed by the body and disappear.